Brasilien und Mexiko als»emerging donors«in Haiti. Die Wiederaufbauhilfe bietet Chancen für Dreieckskooperationen. SWP-Aktuell /A 39, Mai Sowohl die Behörden in Mexiko als auch in Brasilien meldeten binnen eines Tages so viele Todesopfer wie nie zuvor. Das mexikanische. Im Umfeld des Rio+20 Gipfels, der vom Juni in Rio de Janeiro stattfand, rückten Brasilien und Mexiko als größte Verursacher von.
Sorgenfalten in Brasilien und Mexiko: "Zweite Welle kam automatisch"Macht und Wandel: Die Beziehungen der USA zu Mexiko und Brasilien. Außenpolitik, Wirtschaft und Sicherheit bis Authors; (view affiliations). Das Virus breitet sich in Russland, Brasilien, Mexiko und Indien immer weiter aus. Die Entwicklung verläuft anders als in Europa oder den USA. Finden Sie die besten Flugtickets für Flüge von Brasilien nach Mexiko bei der Star Alliance® - SKYTRAX' weltbester Luftfahrtallianz Vergleichen Sie.
Mexico Brasilien Hændelser i kampen VideoBRAZIL v MEXICO (0:0) - 2014 FIFA World Cup™
Brazil will put their perfect start to the South American World Cup qualifying campaign on the line on Tuesday when they travel to Uruguay without Neymar and with worries over their form Brazil must confront a growing injury list that includes star forward Neymar as they resume World Cup qualifying this week, while Argentina are out to extend their perfect start at home to neighbours Paraguay Neymar scored a hat-trick to become the second highest scorer in Brazil's history as the Copa America champions won away to man Peru in a World Cup qualifier on Tuesday Report an error Print.
Carlos Alberto. Roberto Miranda. The World Bank has sponsored a project to curb air pollution through public transport improvements and the Mexican government has started shutting down polluting factories.
They have phased out diesel buses and mandated new emission controls on new cars; since all new cars must be fitted with a catalytic converter , which reduces the emissions released.
Trucks must use only liquefied petroleum gas LPG. Also construction of an underground rail system was begun in in order to help curb air pollution problems and alleviate traffic congestion.
Fees are kept low to encourage use of the system and during rush hours the crush is so great, that authorities have reserved a special carriage specifically for women.
Due to these initiatives and others, the air quality in Mexico City has begun to improve; it is cleaner than it was in , when the air quality was declared to be a public health risk for days of the year.
Mexico City is one of the most important economic hubs in Latin America. The city proper produces Due to the limited non-urbanized space at the south—most of which is protected through environmental laws—the contribution of Mexico City in agriculture is the smallest of all federal entities in the country.
The high spending power of Mexico City inhabitants makes the city attractive for companies offering prestige and luxury goods. The economic reforms of President Carlos Salinas de Gortari had a tremendous effect on the city, as a number of businesses, including banks and airlines, were privatized.
This led to decentralization  and a shift in Mexico City's economic base, from manufacturing to services, as most factories moved away to either the State of Mexico , or more commonly to the northern border.
By contrast, corporate office buildings set their base in the city. Historically, and since Pre-Columbian times, the Valley of Anahuac has been one of the most densely populated areas in Mexico.
According to the census, Up to the s, the Federal District was the most populous federal entity in Mexico, but since then, its population has remained stable at around 8.
The growth of the city has extended beyond the limits of the city to 59 municipalities of the State of Mexico and 1 in the state of Hidalgo.
Nonetheless, the annual rate of growth of the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City is much lower than that of other large urban agglomerations in Mexico,  a phenomenon most likely attributable to the environmental policy of decentralization.
The net migration rate of Mexico City from to was negative. Representing around Nahuatl , Otomi , Mixtec , Zapotec and Mazahua are the indigenous languages with the greatest number of speakers in Mexico City.
Mexico City is also home to large communities of expatriates and immigrants from the rest of North America U. While no official figures have been reported, population estimates of each of these communities are quite significant.
Mexico City is home to the largest population of U. Americans living outside the United States. Estimates are as high as , U. Americans living in Mexico City, while in the U.
There are also growing [ citation needed ] numbers of irreligious people, whether agnostic or atheist. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mexico is the largest archdiocese in the world.
Mexico City is a destination for many foreign tourists. The Templo Mayor was discovered in while workers were digging to place underground electric cables.
This avenue was designed over the Americas' oldest known major roadway in the 19th century to connect the National Palace seat of government with the Castle of Chapultepec , the imperial residence.
Today, this avenue is an important financial district in which the Mexican Stock Exchange and several corporate headquarters are located.
Another important avenue is the Avenida de los Insurgentes , which extends Chapultepec Park houses the Chapultepec Castle , now a museum on a hill that overlooks the park and its numerous museums, monuments and the national zoo and the National Museum of Anthropology which houses the Aztec Calendar Stone.
The Plaza de las Tres Culturas , in this square are located the College of Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco , that is the first and oldest European school of higher learning in the Americas ,  and the archaeological site of the city-state of Tlatelolco , and the shrine and Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe are also important sites.
There is a double-decker bus , known as the "Turibus", that circles most of these sites, and has timed audio describing the sites in multiple languages as they are passed.
In addition, according to the Secretariat of Tourism, the city has about museums —is among the top ten of cities in the world with highest number of museums   —over art galleries , and some 30 concert halls , all of which maintain a constant cultural activity during the whole year.
It has either the third or fourth-highest number of theatres in the world after New York, London and perhaps Toronto. Many areas e. Having been capital of a vast pre-Hispanic empire, and also the capital of richest viceroyalty within the Spanish Empire ruling over a vast territory in the Americas and Spanish West Indies , and, finally, the capital of the United Mexican States, Mexico City has a rich history of artistic expression.
Since the mesoamerican pre-Classical period the inhabitants of the settlements around Lake Texcoco produced many works of art and complex craftsmanship, some of which are today displayed at the world-renowned National Museum of Anthropology and the Templo Mayor museum.
While many pieces of pottery and stone-engraving have survived, the great majority of the Amerindian iconography was destroyed during the Conquest of Mexico.
Much of the early colonial art stemmed from the codices Aztec illustrated books , aiming to recover and preserve some Aztec and other Amerindian iconography and history.
From then, artistic expressions in Mexico were mostly religious in theme. The Metropolitan Cathedral still displays works by Juan de Rojas , Juan Correa and an oil painting whose authorship has been attributed to Murillo.
Many of the works produced by the students and faculty of that time are now displayed in the Museo Nacional de San Carlos National Museum of San Carlos.
Popular arts in the form of cartoons and illustrations flourished, e. After the Mexican Revolution , an avant-garde artistic movement originated in Mexico City: muralism.
Frida Kahlo , wife of Rivera, with a strong nationalist expression, was also one of the most renowned of Mexican painters.
Her house has become a museum that displays many of her works. The former home of Rivera muse Dolores Olmedo houses the namesake museum.
The facility is in Xochimilco borough in southern Mexico City and includes several buildings surrounded by sprawling manicured lawns.
It houses a large collection of Rivera and Kahlo paintings and drawings, as well as living Xoloizcuintles Mexican Hairless Dog. It also regularly hosts small but important temporary exhibits of classical and modern art e.
Venetian Masters and Contemporary New York artists. Other painters came from abroad, such as Catalan painter Remedios Varo and other Spanish and Jewish exiles.
It was in the second half of the 20th century that the artistic movement began to drift apart from the Revolutionary theme. Mexico City has numerous museums dedicated to art, including Mexican colonial, modern and contemporary art , and international art.
The Museo Tamayo was opened in the mids to house the collection of international contemporary art donated by famed Mexican born in the state of Oaxaca painter Rufino Tamayo.
The collection includes pieces by Picasso, Klee, Kandinsky, Warhol and many others, though most of the collection is stored while visiting exhibits are shown.
The Museo de Arte Moderno Museum of Modern Art is a repository of Mexican artists from the 20th century, including Rivera, Orozco, Siqueiros, Kahlo, Gerzso , Carrington, Tamayo, among others, and also regularly hosts temporary exhibits of international modern art.
The Museo Soumaya , named after the wife of Mexican magnate Carlos Slim , has the largest private collection of original Rodin sculptures outside Paris.
The museum inaugurated a new futuristic-design facility in just north of Polanco, while maintaining a smaller facility in Plaza de Loreto in southern Mexico City.
It is said to have the largest private contemporary art collection in Latin America and hosts pieces from its permanent collection as well as traveling exhibits by leading contemporary artists.
The Museo de San Ildefonso, housed in the Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso in Mexico City's historic downtown district is a 17th-century colonnaded palace housing an art museum that regularly hosts world-class exhibits of Mexican and international art.
It houses a large collection of pieces by all major Mexican artists of the last years and also hosts visiting exhibits. Jack Kerouac , the noted American author, spent extended periods of time in the city, and wrote his masterpiece volume of poetry Mexico City Blues here.
Another American author, William S. Burroughs , also lived in the Colonia Roma neighborhood of the city for some time.
It was here that he accidentally shot his wife. In addition to this, entrance to most museums are free on Sunday. In some cases a modest fee may be charged.
Another major addition to the city's museum scene is the Museum of Remembrance and Tolerance Museo de la Memoria y Tolerancia , inaugurated in early The brainchild of two young Mexican women as a Holocaust museum, the idea morphed into a unique museum dedicated to showcasing all major historical events of discrimination and genocide.
Permanent exhibits include those on the Holocaust and other large-scale atrocities. It also houses temporary exhibits; one on Tibet was inaugurated by the Dalai Lama in September Mexico City is home to a number of orchestras offering season programs.
The city is also a leading center of popular culture and music. There are a multitude of venues hosting Spanish and foreign-language performers.
These include the 10,seat National Auditorium that regularly schedules the Spanish and English-language pop and rock artists, as well as many of the world's leading performing arts ensembles, the auditorium also broadcasts grand opera performances from New York's Metropolitan Opera on giant, high definition screens.
In National Auditorium was selected world's best venue by multiple genre media. Other sites for pop-artist performances include the 3,seat Teatro Metropolitan , the 15,seat Palacio de los Deportes , and the larger 50,seat Foro Sol Stadium, where popular international artists perform on a regular basis.
There are numerous venues for smaller musical ensembles and solo performers. Mexico City has a number of IMAX theatres, providing residents and visitors access to films ranging from documentaries to blockbusters on these large screens.
Once considered plebeian fare, by the 19th century tacos had become a standard of Mexico City's cuisine. As authorities struggled to tax local taquerias , imposing licensing requirements and penalties, they recorded some details of the types of foods being served by these establishments.
The most frequent reference was for tacos de barbacoa. Also mentioned are enchiladas , tacos de minero and gorditas , along with oyster shops and fried fish stands.
There is evidence of some regional specialties being made available for recent migrants; at least two shops were known to serve pozole , a type of stew similar to hominy that is a staple of Guadalajara , Jalisco.
Mexico City is known for having some of the freshest fish and seafood in Mexico's interior. La Nueva Viga Market is the second largest seafood market in the world after the Tsukiji fish market in Japan.
Mexico City offers a variety of cuisines: restaurants specializing in the regional cuisines of Mexico's 31 states are available in the city, and the city also has several branches of internationally recognized restaurants.
Also notable is the Basque-Mexican fusion restaurant Biko run and co-owned by Bruno Oteiza and Mikel Alonso , which placed outside the list at 59th, but in previous years has ranked within the top Mexico City has many modes of public transportation, from the metro subway system, to suburban rail, light rail, regular buses, BRT bus rapid transit , 'pesero' minibuses, and trolleybuses, to bike share.
Mexico City is served by the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo , a The first portions were opened in and it has expanded to 12 lines with stations.
The metro transports 4. It is the 8th busiest metro system in the world, behind Tokyo Several stations display pre-Columbian artifacts and architecture that were discovered during the metro's construction.
The Metro stations are also differentiated by the use of icons and glyphs which were created for the illiterate, a unique system that has become iconic characteristic of Mexico City.
Each icon was developed based on historical characters, sites, pre-Hispanic motifs , linguistic, symbolic glyphs or geographic references.
Chalco and La Paz. As of [update] , the approximately 28, peseros carried up to 60 percent of the city's passengers.
In , the city launched so-called "Bus Rapid Service", with mid-sized Mercedes-Benz Boxer buses carrying 75—85 passengers   painted purple-on-white, replacing 'peseros' on certain groups of routes.
More and more lines opened and as of mid there are 6 routes with a 7th planned along Paseo de la Reforma to connect Santa Fe with the city center and points north.
In late they transported an average of 1. In the late s many arterial roads were redesigned as ejes viales ; high-volume one-way roads that cross, in theory, Mexico City proper from side to side.
The eje vial network is based on a quasi- Cartesian grid, with the ejes themselves being called Eje 1 Poniente , Eje Central , and Eje 1 Oriente , for example, for the north—south roads, and Eje 2 Sur and Eje 3 Norte , for example, for east—west roads.
There is an environmental program, called Hoy No Circula "Today Does Not Run", or "One Day without a Car" , whereby vehicles that have not passed emissions testing are restricted from circulating on certain days according to the ending digit of their license plates ; this in an attempt to cut down on pollution and traffic congestion.
Street parking in urban neighborhoods is mostly controlled by the franeleros a. Double parking is common with franeleros moving the cars as required , impeding on the available lanes for traffic to pass.
In order to mitigate that and other problems and to raise revenue,  parking meters as of October , have been installed in the west-central neighborhoods Lomas de Chapultepec , Condesa , Roma , Polanco and Anzures , in operation from 8 AM to 8 PM on weekdays and charging a rate of 2 pesos per 15 minutes, with offenders' cars booted, costing about pesos to remove.
The granting of the license for all zones exclusively to a new company without experience in operating parking meters, Operadora de Estacionamientos Bicentenario, has generated controversy.
The local government continuously strives for a reduction of massive traffic congestion, and has increased incentives for making a bicycle-friendly city.
There are, as of September , stations with 4, bicycles across an area stretching from the Historic center to Polanco. The city has four major bus stations North, South, Observatorio, TAPO , which comprise one of the world's largest transportation agglomerations, with bus service to many cities across the country and international connections.
There are some intercity buses that leave directly from the Mexico City International Airport. The airport is also a hub for Volaris , Interjet and Aeromar.
An alternate option is Lic. The city of Pachuca will also provide additional expansion to central Mexico's airport network.
In the Plaza de las Tres Culturas is the Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco that is recognized for being the first and oldest European school of higher learning in the Americas  and the first major school of interpreters and translators in the New World.
Three Nobel laureates , several Mexican entrepreneurs and most of Mexico's modern-day presidents are among its former students. In addition, the prestigious University of California maintains a campus known as "Casa de California" in the city.
Unlike those of Mexican states' schools, curricula of Mexico City's public schools is managed by the federal Secretary of Public Education. Members are obligated to publicly disclose their works through conferences and public events such as concerts and recitals.
Among its many public and private schools K—13 , the city offers multi-cultural , multi-lingual and international schools attended by Mexican and foreign students.
Mexico City offers an immense and varied consumer retail market, ranging from basic foods to ultra high-end luxury goods.
Consumers may buy in fixed indoor markets , in mobile markets tianguis , from street vendors , from downtown shops in a street dedicated to a certain type of good, in convenience stores and traditional neighborhood stores, in modern supermarkets, in warehouse and membership stores and the shopping centers that they anchor, in department stores, in big-box stores , and in modern shopping malls.
In addition, " tianguis " or mobile markets set up shop on streets in many neighborhoods, depending on day of week.
Sundays see the largest number of these markets. The city's main source of fresh produce is the Central de Abasto.
This in itself is a self-contained mini-city in Iztapalapa borough covering an area equivalent to several dozen city blocks. The wholesale market supplies most of the city's "mercados", supermarkets and restaurants, as well as people who come to buy the produce for themselves.
Tons of fresh produce are trucked in from all over Mexico every day. The world-renowned market of Tepito occupies 25 blocks, and sells a variety of products.
A staple for consumers in the city is the omnipresent "mercado". Every major neighborhood in the city has its own borough-regulated market, often more than one.
Street vendors ply their trade from stalls in the tianguis as well as at non-officially controlled concentrations around metro stations and hospitals; at plazas comerciales , where vendors of a certain "theme" e.
The Historic Center of Mexico City is widely known for specialized, often low-cost retailers. Certain blocks or streets are dedicated to shops selling a certain type of merchandise, with areas dedicated to over 40 categories such as home appliances, lamps and electricals, closets and bathrooms, housewares, wedding dresses, jukeboxes, printing, office furniture and safes, books, photography, jewelry, and opticians.
Traditional markets downtown include the La Merced Market ; the Mercado de Jamaica specializes in fresh flowers, the Mercado de Sonora in the occult, and La Lagunilla in furniture.
Many anchor shopping centers that contain smaller shops, services, a food court and sometimes cinemas. These are small shops offering basics such as soft drinks, packaged snacks, canned goods and dairy products.
Thousands of C-stores or corner stores, such as Oxxo , 7-Eleven and Extra are located throughout the city. Chapultepec , the city's most iconic public park, has history back to the Aztec emperors who used the area as a retreat.
It is south of Polanco district, and houses the Chapultepec Zoo the main city's zoo, several ponds and seven museums, including the National Museum of Anthropology.
Most are small "squares" occupying two or three square blocks amid residential or commercial districts.
There are numerous seasonal fairs present in the city. Mexico City has three zoos. It was opened in In this zoo, opened in ,  there are species that are in danger of extinction such as the jaguar and the Mexican wolf.
Other guests are the golden eagle, pronghorn, bighorn sheep, caracara, zebras, African elephant, macaw, hippo, among others. It was inaugurated on 2 February Association football is the country's most popular and most televised franchised sport.
The Olympic Stadium in Ciudad Universitaria is home to the football club giants Universidad Nacional , with a seating capacity of over 52, The three teams are based in Mexico City and play in the First Division ; they are also part, with Guadalajara-based giants Club Deportivo Guadalajara , of Mexico's traditional "Big Four" though recent years have tended to erode the teams' leading status at least in standings.
Lucha libre is a Mexican style of wrestling, and is one of the more popular sports throughout the country. Both races were removed from their series' schedules for Baseball is another sport played professionally in the city.
Mexico City has some 10 Little Leagues for young baseball players. The crowd of , people attending this game was the largest ever for a regular season game in NFL history until Courses throughout the city are available as private as well as public venues.
Mexico City is Latin America's leading center for the television, music and film industries. It is also a leading center of the advertising industry.
There are 60 radio stations operating in the city and many local community radio transmission networks. Other local television channels include:.
Mexico City was traditionally known as La Ciudad de los Palacios "the City of the Palaces" , a nickname attributed to Baron Alexander von Humboldt when visiting the city in the 19th century, who, sending a letter back to Europe, said Mexico City could rival any major city in Europe.
But it was English politician Charles Latrobe who really penned the following: " This motto was quickly adopted as a city nickname but has faded since the new motto, Capital en Movimiento "Capital in Movement" , was adopted by the administration headed by Marcelo Ebrard , though the latter is not treated as often as a nickname in media.
The city is colloquially known as Chilangolandia after the locals' nickname chilangos. They are formally called capitalinos in reference to the city being the capital of the country , but "[p]erhaps because capitalino is the more polite, specific, and correct word, it is almost never utilized".
Mexico City is twinned with: . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 29 November Capital of Mexico.
This article is about the capital of Mexico. For other uses, see Mexico City disambiguation. Capital city in Mexico. Coat of arms.
Government logo. Federal Deputies. Main article: Mexico-Tenochtitlan. See also: List of pre-columbian archaeological sites in Mexico City. See also: List of colonial churches in Mexico City.
Examples of colonial buildings at Mexico City. Clockwise, from upper left: San Ildefonso College b. Mexico City geophysical maps Topography Hydrology Climate patterns.
See also: Water management in Greater Mexico City. Further information: Air pollution in Mexico City.
This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. January Main article: Greater Mexico City.
Main article: Law enforcement in Mexico City. Main article: Mexican art. Main article: Mexico City Metro. Main article: Parking in Mexico City.
Main article: EcoBici Mexico City. See also: Traditional fixed markets in Mexico. Main article: Street vendors in Mexico City. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Mexico.
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